What are Gemstones? (Gemstones Meaning)

Gemstones are energy powerhouses formed under intense pressure deep inside earth’s crust. Most gemstones are minerals but not all, gemstones such as Pearl and Coral are in fact organic material. Gemstones are primarily classified as precious and semi-precious gemstones. There are 9 precious Gemstones also known as Navratna which are Diamond, Yellow Sapphire, Blue Sapphire, Pearl, Coral, Cat’s Eye, Hessonite, Emerald and Ruby. Then there are numerous semi-precious gemstones (more than 50) which are often used as alternatives to the 9 precious gemstones. Many semi-precious gemstones such as Opal, Lapis Lazuli and others are very popular and have been so since ancient times. Gemstones have been a precious and prized possession since time immemorial. Throughout history in almost all cultures, religions and ancient civilizations gemstones have been treasured for their healing, mystic and spiritual properties and benefits.

Gemstone Properties and Significance

Gemstones are glorified in ancient scriptures such as Vedas (including Rig Veda) and numerous Purana (including Garuda Purana). Gemstones are prescribed as one of the methods to cleanse one’s negative Karma and yield rich benefits. Vedic Astrology which is an inseparable part of various ancient scriptures of Sanatan Dharma mentions the significance of various Gemstones and their relationship with Planets. We all know about the nine precious gemstones or the Navratna. Out of these nine, the five most precious gemstones are classified as the Panchratna which symbolize the Panchtatva or the five elements. The Panchratna are Ruby, Pearl, Emerald, Diamond and Blue Sapphire. After which there is classification as Saptaratna or the seven most precious gemstones. Saptaratna are the five Panchratna plus Yellow Sapphire and Coral and finally there are Navratna wherein Hessonite and Cat’s Eye also get added to the list.

How do Gemstones work?

Gemstones have abundant positive energy that is a given fact. Since time immemorial Gemstones have been used for their mystic, health, astrological and other benefits. The science behind how Gemstones really work is basically given in two interlinked theories. First being color or light therapy wherein the positive energies of the gemstone are absorbed by a person when sunlight passes through the stone and enters the body. The same effects happen when the human aura and aura of the stone get intermingled. This positive energy of the gemstones power Chakras of human bodies which are also associated with various Planets. The said energies of gemstones correspond to the energy of various Planets.

It is believed that the gemstones vibrate at same frequency at which their ruling planets vibrate. Now just as the gemstone various colors are also associated with various planets. In case of precious gemstones the cosmic color of the stone can be different than the color of the stone itself. Like although Yellow Sapphire is yellow in color its cosmic color is blue i.e. when light passes through Yellow Sapphire the color which is emitted is blue (and not yellow) which is also the cosmic color of Jupiter. Semiprecious gemstones have same cosmic colors as their own colors. Thus this absorption of energies and frequencies is believed to be the reason how gemstones work. Also this the reason why transparent, untreated and gemstones with higher surface area are insisted in Vedic astrology.

Gemstone Benefits

  • Gemstones provide astrological, health, healing and other mystic benefits
  • Nine different precious gemstones pacify the nine ruling Planets thus ushering good health, fortune, prosperity, success and abundance
  • Gemstones improve focus, concentration, communication hence boosting self-confidence and energy levels
  • Gemstones can help in almost all aspects of day to day lives such as decision making, harmony in relations, removal of obstacles in path of success, aiding of all endeavour and much more
  • Gemstones also help heal and provide relief from various physical and mental ailments and diseases
  • Gemstones enhances positivity and repels negativity too  
    • Gemstones when worn in their compatible metals enhances benefits of both the stone and the metal

Types of Gemstones

Gemstones are primarily divided in to two types which are precious gemstones and semi-precious gemstones. Other than that depending upon their composition and minerals gemstones are also classified in to many families. There are nine precious Gemstones or Ratna. The list of nine precious gemstones is Ruby, Pearl, Emerald, Diamond, Blue Sapphire, Yellow Sapphire, Coral, Hessonite and Cat’s Eye. Then there are many about hundred semiprecious gemstones or Uparatna. As semiprecious gemstones are used as an alternative or substitute to rare and expensive precious gemstones. So, there are the best alternative and second best alternative to precious gemstones then there are some very popular semiprecious gemstones in themselves too thus there are about 20 popular semiprecious gemstones. List of most popular semiprecious gemstone of Uparatna is Amethyst, Blue Topaz, Green Jade, Moonstone, Opal, Peridot, Red Carnelian, Red Garnet, Rose Quartz, Tiger’s Eye, Yellow Topaz, Tourmaline, White Sapphire, Lapis Lazuli, Iolite, Aqua Marine and Turquoise.

Gemstones in ancient Vedic scriptures

Gemstones having a good lustre, pure and clear-color and without flaws ensure good luck and protection. – Brihat Samhita

Seven Gemstones are to be used to gather seven (colors) rays of the sun on to our body – Rig-Ved

Gemstones Buying Guide

Choosing and buying a precious gemstone can many a times be a tricky affair for a layman. Online or elsewhere you may find a precious Gemstone of the same carat being sold for Rs. 5,000/- and for Rs. 5,00,000/- also, so why this mind-boggling discrepancy? The fact of the matter is synthetic (artificial) and same colored non-gem material stones are available at Rs. 100/- per piece at wholesale rates. These stones are passed on as natural Gemstones and are being sold at 5000% margin to unsuspecting buyers by quacks and rogue Gemstones dealers. Not to mention these stones will give the user zero benefits and are just piece of jewellery and nothing more.

Quality of a Gemstone

Depending upon primarily the 4Cs namely Cut, Carat, Clarity and Color the quality of a Gemstone is decided, add to the 4Cs the origin and the treatment of the Gemstone is also of immense importance. The Top Grade Gemstones or Jyotish quality Gemstones are 100% natural, non-treated, non-heated, non-oil-treated and are should be free from any other type of treatment. Heated and treated Gemstones may look better than natural ones but as per Vedic astrology treated Gemstones lose their sattvic nature and hence won’t provide the required benefits.

Quality of Gemstone is dependent on the following factors:

  • Color – The best quality Gemstones have clear primary color (and its shades) and least hue of any other color. The clearer the primary color and the minimum the hue of any other color the better the stone is considered
  • Clarity – The more transparent the stone is the better the quality. Jyotish means Jyot (light) and ish (God). The more light it can pass on to the user i.e. the more clearer and transparent the stone is the better it is considered. Best quality stones have up to 80% clarity.
  • Carats – The weight of the stone is another factor that decides how precious the stone is. The bigger the stone, the more carats the more becomes
  • Cut – In Vedic Astrology, the cut of the gemstone should be such that it should increase the surface area of the gemstone so that it can refract maximum amount of light. The more precise the cut is the more valuable the stone is considered
  • Origin – The origin also decides the quality and rarity of a Gemstone. Gemstones from a particular geography are considered as more superior than that from another geography
  • Treatment – Jyotish quality Gemstones or the best quality Gemstones are 100% natural, non-treated, non-heated, non-oil-treated and without any kind of treatment

How to choose a Gemstone?

Firstly choose a reputed dealer, please note that only probably 10% or less Jewellers or Gemstones dealer understand the significance of Jyotish quality gemstones and a majority of time the stone will be artificial or will be treated. Thus if you are purchasing a Top Grade Gemstone its best to insist on a certificate descripting all properties including origin, exact carat etc from an independent and reputed laboratory.